Chemical elements
  Beryllium
    Isotopes
    Energy
    Production
    Application
    Physical Properties
    Chemical Properties
      Beryllium Hydride
      Beryllium Fluoride
      Beryllium Chloride
      Beryllium Bromide
      Beryllium Iodide
      Beryllium Double Halides
      Beryllium Oxyhalides
      Beryllium Oxide
      Beryllium Hydroxide
      Beryllium Beryllate
      Beryllium Peroxide
      Beryllium Sulphide
      Beryllium Sulphide
      Beryllium Double Sulphates
      Beryllium Sulphite
      Beryllium Thiosulphate
      Beryllium Selenate
      Beryllium Chromate
      Beryllium Hydride
      Beryllium Chromite
      Beryllium Molybdate
      Beryllium Nitride
      Beryllium Azide
      Beryllium Nitrate
      Beryllium Phosphates, Phosphite, and Hypophosphite
      Beryllium Hypophosphate
      Beryllium Arsenates
      Beryllium Arsenite
      Beryllium Antimonate
      Beryllium Hydride
      Beryllium Vanadates
      Beryllium Niobate
      Beryllium Carbide
      Beryllium Borocarbide
      Beryllium Carbonate
      Beryllium Acetate
      Beryllium Oxalates
      Beryllium Cyanide
      Beryllium Platinocyanide
      Beryllium Silicates
      Beryllium Silicotungstate
      Beryllium Borate
      Beryllium Aluminate

Double Sulphates of Beryllium






Beryllium forms no alum, and this fact intimates a difference between beryllium and aluminium which was considered by many to indicate that beryllium, like magnesium, is divalent.

The double sulphate, KSO4.BeSO4.2H2O, crystallises out at 25° C. from supersaturated solutions containing potassium and beryllium sulphates, if the proportion of the latter in the solute lies between 37.2 and 84.8 per cent. Awdejew, during an attempt to prepare a beryllium alum, discovered this salt in 1842 by a simple evaporation of its constituents in appropriate proportions. The crystals are very small, white, slightly soluble in cold water and much more soluble in hot. Marignac also described them as opaque, hard, and mamillated. Their form has not been determined.

(NH4)2SO4.BeSO4.2H2O has been obtained from mixed solutions of beryllium and ammonium sulphates. Atterberg originally concentrated a solution containing molecular proportions of the two sulphates over sulphuric acid. The salt is very deliquescent.

Atterberg reported BeSO4.KSO4.2KSO.4H2O as needle-shaped prisms, and 3BeSO4.2Na2SO4.12H2O as needle-like crystals which radiated in star-shaped groups. Both salts were prepared by evaporating the constituent salts in mixed solution - the former solution being strongly acid.


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